2986-84

2986-84

.. 6 1984 . N 2986-84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . .. . .. . 1. 1.1. " " N 2527-82 . 1.2. - - . 1.3. - - . - - . 2. 2.1. : . 2.2. : . 2.3. . 4 - 8 2 5 0 05 - 0 3 . 2.4. . 2.1. . 2.1 [31 32] 1 [6 12 16 17] 2. 2.1 ----------------------T---------------T-------------------------------------- - +-------T-------+---T---T---T---T-------T----T----T----+ - 63 125250500 1000 200040008000 - - - - Ѧ - +---------------------+-------+-------+---+---+---+---+-------+----+----+----+ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 +---------------------+-------+-------+---+---+---+---+-------+----+----+----+ 108 113 106108107106102 98 95 87 10 115 120 111115114112110 108 101 94 110 111 95 100101104106 104 101 98 114 116 105105106108109 109 99 106 98 103 93 96 97 97 90 90 81 74 104 117 11610710310397 94 90 86 : 106 112 86 107108105100 93 85 87 102 111 10610510410196 90 84 76 112 120 97 118115110105 97 90 85 "" 112 121 112118115110105 97 98 85 104 108 99 10210097 97 96 99 92 102 108 10310110010195 95 90 83 97 106 10210398 88 92 86 90 82 103 112 10910410410198 93 87 79 118 114 110107108106102 100 94 87 108 113 106108107106102 98 95 87 111 113 105103105104104 103 104 104 115 118 110108109110109 106 109 107 107 112 10997 104105104 97 89 81 113 117 112111106109109 107 103 96 104 110 10610410199 100 94 92 91 108 112 103106104104104 101 94 75 116 120 115104111115111 106 102 96 "" 97 105 99 95 10195 91 83 76 67 "" 121 125 115121111112112 117 115 109 : -6 5 : 116 123 118119112116111 103 97 85 112 119 107117110112105 98 93 83 110 115 104112106108106 99 94 82 -12 10 : 122 134 120133119120117 99 95 85 115 129 117128114109109 102 94 90 111 126 11612510910498 98 92 88 -25 25 : 120 128 121125121117115 110 100 90 113 121 112119112111109 103 94 82 101 114 10511310099 92 87 82 73 -25 40 : 124 134 122133117123119 115 98 93 115 121 111119108114110 104 95 91 107 120 11911910510498 91 79 74 -50 60 : 123 130 123125125121118 109 99 90 118 126 120121121116112 104 97 86 110 117 108112111110105 97 88 79 -100 100 : 119 130 126125120113115 110 109 109 117 124 115121117114113 104 101 100 108 119 115114111107101 97 92 85 -200 200 : 129 133 127125123129123 120 114 103 120 126 113123119119114 108 103 104 115 123 108122106113110 104 94 77 116 119 11011396 114110 109 107 101 5 : 200 102 110 10410510410295 89 86 83 300 106 113 108106104105100 95 93 90 400 105 111 106105102104101 95 88 85 600 108 111 102103102102101 100 101 100 900 109 113 105107105104102 102 101 102 109 114 101106111109101 91 77 75 : 100 112 113 95 100103107107 107 103 96 350 110 113 103103107104107 102 95 81 103 109 10110210310398 87 83 65 124 126 110113121119118 117 117 114 107 109 10399 97 99 101 104 94 86 105 110 98 10310310697 93 90 84 2500 99 108 10110310299 91 86 79 69 3500 105 113 102110106103101 89 91 85 5000 96 108 10610296 94 89 85 82 79 5000 99 106 10299 98 98 93 86 85 80 6500 99 110 10810310397 92 87 85 76 8500 107 123 11312210499 93 90 92 85 14000 100 112 11110410195 97 88 84 75 21000 103 114 11210710710095 93 92 87 21000 99 112 10311110192 88 85 85 83 23000 100 113 11010810695 88 83 80 67 117 129 120128106105111 108 108 102 250 "" 111 116 93 11310510798 102 107 89 117 117 105107107105113 111 106 97 117 118 102104108111112 109 112 92 117 118 102105109111113 111 105 104 -15 129 131 121123118122125 121 121 107 1150: - 109 111 89 96 105104104 104 96 86 117 118 102106110109114 112 105 97 123 124 109113110111114 118 116 117 98 106 10299 10098 91 85 82 79 2500 1000: - 101 109 10310310210193 88 78 71 103 111 10710410310198 93 82 75 98 100 75 85 93 98 87 91 79 77 900 1150 1100 1180 : - 98 106 95 10210199 89 81 77 69 111 115 107108108109107 103 97 87 1150 106 111 102109105103101 100 97 90 1100 107 112 103104105103102 98 89 84 1180 128 128 108108111113120 122 123 119 97 106 99 10210195 89 79 75 71 1600 110 115 103108111110103 95 91 87 17-10 1300: 113 114 104106107105104 110 91 86 110 117 113110112107105 103 97 93 123 123 104109110116116 116 117 114 - 106 111 103105105101102 100 88 78 1250 111 117 113110112107105 103 97 93 -8500 900/700/500: 900 102 107 97 10110110096 93 85 81 730 106 112 103107105104102 95 91 84 500 107 113 103107108105103 97 92 87 108 118 11311510910797 93 87 83 900/750: 101 115 11310910795 93 85 83 83 110 117 99 112113109104 96 81 72 101 107 95 10410298 96 90 79 72 750 118 119 104110110110114 113 109 98 103 111 10410410710095 96 90 71 1500 121 121 98 104106107113 118 112 104 109 114 103108110104104 101 86 92 101 101 70 78 80 85 90 98 93 93 730/500: 100 106 90 98 10310180 81 78 72 730 121 122 85 110112110105 100 113 120 730 105 110 86 94 10610697 81 76 74 500 98 100 86 90 91 95 93 92 76 69 800 630/450: 101 110 10810310099 95 90 89 89 630 107 114 104107109107101 94 91 85 450 111 116 10711011111198 99 101 92 450 103 112 10310910310297 92 83 72 - 109 111 10599 101100105 105 97 84 102 104 95 92 94 97 99 95 85 70 - 240: 106 110 93 106102104102 97 93 84 97 103 98 96 94 95 93 87 80 69 117 117 99 104104112111 113 101 87 103 109 10010410310098 94 87 83 98 101 88 95 91 95 96 87 77 75 500 250: 108 116 111110111107101 99 90 83 106 114 10910710810699 94 85 79 108 112 103104105105103 98 98 87 111 113 97 106106107109 97 88 79 103 108 10499 10210098 94 88 85 102 106 97 98 10099 97 95 90 85 107 110 10210310297 99 103 99 96 600 102 106 96 10098 98 94 97 94 91 100 102 85 94 93 95 96 93 90 85 280: 96 100 91 93 95 95 90 85 79 76 97 100 87 87 95 97 91 85 75 69 97 100 87 89 93 97 91 84 77 70 97 101 86 88 97 96 91 86 79 85 108 108 85 92 97 10185 97 105 99 300: 101 106 10010099 98 97 92 81 71 113 114 101102104105109 108 99 85 106 109 10198 103102101 99 93 77 115 116 103105106109110 110 105 104 600 115 117 105102104103107 109 110 105 107 111 102104104105104 97 90 83 114 119 114113112108111 104 950 90 350: 104 109 98 10499 10399 95 93 86 108 115 102113106108102 97 91 91 109 113 101104106108105 101 90 83 121 121 97 110105108111 117 115 109 104 108 97 99 10310398 95 83 83 123 123 102105104107111 117 119 115 1600 500: 106 109 101100103104100 99 91 84 106 109 10198 104101104 95 93 86 115 117 107105105108114 100 95 93 125 125 106112111116121 119 114 111 119 119 107102106111110 116 109 107 800 116 117 99 94 101110113 110 103 87 119 119 95 102100112113 114 111 105 103 112 11010210198 100 94 87 83 112 116 100107103114100 97 95 94 1-34 112 113 100104102102111 94 91 89 780: 109 117 10411311210997 88 81 75 107 112 99 103109106103 94 89 85 116 117 101105108107108 110 111 115 118 119 107104107110112 110 114 105 800: 107 116 10911410710798 91 78 74 106 116 112113105103102 97 85 84 109 115 107108109109102 100 89 82 - 105 109 100103104102100 96 94 86 1000 107 109 99 101101101104 99 93 89 -1700 1200: 111 112 10510810697 91 88 80 71 110 119 115113112109105 99 89 77 108 112 10499 107108101 97 87 75 105 111 10410310410599 93 87 75 101 106 99 10010199 95 91 86 76 1700: 103 111 10810510210195 96 89 77 109 113 103105106106105 103 95 89 110 111 83 91 103105107 103 97 86 108 112 95 102107105103 99 95 93 117 117 97 99 103110111 113 105 102 120 121 105108110111112 113 115 114 103 112 10710910099 97 95 93 85 2000: - 104 107 10399 98 89 91 95 99 99 102 117 11511110895 91 83 76 75 105 112 107105104103101 97 91 86 102 108 10599 98 96 95 95 97 90 102 109 10510210399 95 95 93 89 2300: 105 116 10411311110092 87 85 79 103 109 10110310410199 93 89 85 105 108 99 101100103100 95 93 95 96 103 89 10097 95 87 85 80 74 103 104 95 91 92 94 93 95 96 99 2500: 102 115 11410710599 96 89 85 81 107 110 10110210299 105 97 95 93 108 110 99 101102105101 101 100 97 109 113 10610710510499 100 103 101 121 122 108107114114115 113 115 107 118 118 100102105113113 112 107 99 119 121 115105110115117 110 103 93 102 106 95 10010198 96 94 92 88 -7-10 2800: 99 105 95 98 10297 93 88 79 68 100 105 97 95 99 99 96 91 85 78 109 113 95 104109107105 98 90 93 600 4500: 100 108 10010410497 95 88 81 71 112 115 107101107109107 105 98 92 140 116 108110110108105 101 94 95 109 111 100102102103104 104 99 87 119 124 108118117119114 109 103 99 98 107 87 10410292 93 77 78 77 115 121 101110119113109 101 94 90 106 112 104102109100102 95 88 85 111 113 102104103107107 104 95 89 2000-2 118 119 104111111112112 110 111 107 : 112 114 101103106110109 95 100 94 2500128 129 112116117122123 119 120 120 1700122 122 108108110112115 115 116 113 122 124 113113116117117 115 114 104 112 114 102103106107106 106 102 104 - 111 118 108114113110102 100 101 99 112 115 97 108107109109 105 96 88 117 119 107114105111109 108 111 110 103 112 10310910310297 92 83 72 115 119 110112113109111 107 105 97 115 116 105104106109111 110 102 80 : -117 119 103107112114113 108 101 95 "Bchloemann" 113 117 98 96 114111106 104 98 87 110 114 100109105108106 100 94 90 113 116 101106110109109 103 104 100 124 125 103101116119118 116 117 108 106 110 95 10210510598 100 92 90 115 117 107108109111113 104 94 87 118 119 101109103114115 112 103 99 110 113 107104105105105 105 98 87 110 113 107105103101102 107 93 80 -2 94 102 98 95 93 92 90 85 74 67 103 111 10710310310198 93 85 73 -40-06 -1620 91 100 97 94 93 89 86 82 68 66 94 101 96 92 95 93 88 83 70 66 -40-05 -140: 110 115 110107105105104 103 102 102 : 113 116 105108110107109 103 103 99 121 122 112110109113117 115 113 107 118 120 110112112112113 111 108 105 113 115 103105108109109 105 99 98 112 113 99 98 104106106 108 102 98 106 106 88 90 97 98 102 100 95 91 9152 : 110 110 88 93 95 102107 104 99 94 129 129 105109114121125 123 121 116 : 115 116 10099 100106106 108 105 113 119 120 10299 101107107 108 109 119 103 105 95 96 97 98 95 95 99 77 9157-1 103 104 92 94 95 95 100 96 89 88 -873 96 100 93 95 93 92 90 88 87 83 -215 : 1--665 117 117 96 97 97 102107 115 105 92 9340 107 110 96 100100107102 98 90 86 114 118 110113111111110 105 97 91 -250 108 115 109110107106103 101 93 89 -450-11 112 118 113113110108106 105 102 92 122 125 116117117115115 116 114 113 104 109 10410210310299 93 87 84 C 108 113 106106107106103 98 94 88 116 118 109110111112112 108 100 95 111 116 110108110107106 103 96 86 108 112 105103105104104 100 93 86 101 106 10098 97 98 97 94 86 80 109 111 10099 103102100 99 103 105 106 113 106107106105102 95 89 83 144 147 138140142137140 138 129 121 : - 112 113 104103103105107 106 103 93 120 - 320 125 125 110110111115119 119 118 103 400 111 115 107109109109103 102 101 100 -500 109 113 110102101103102 104 103 94 "-" 114 118 113107111107107 108 106 96 - 112 118 108115108110107 104 100 97 "-" 124 126 117119115115115 114 119 118 : 113 117 111109108100108 105 107 103 C 119 120 105108109108107 109 114 115 106 111 104103104103102 99 94 85 "-" 108 111 104103103102104 103 95 94 113 116 99 107109111109 106 99 90 -150-1712 117 117 105103105106108 114 113 93 : 118 118 102104104108116 112 98 93 121 121 100103103106108 112 116 118 - 124 124 106107107111118 122 108 104 -20-60 112 113 104101102104106 106 97 89 120 120 108105106110114 117 108 102 273114 115 99 99 101105110 109 105 102 118 118 99 94 94 94 99 116 107 104 "" - 105 110 98 10310310697 93 90 84 102 104 95 92 94 97 99 95 85 70 - 103 112 10310910310297 92 83 72 - 106 110 93 106102104102 97 93 84 105 108 10296 97 10099 96 94 100 "AKME" 108 109 96 96 99 104103 102 94 89 295 110 111 95 100102105105 104 97 91 -2126 - 106 111 100101108101101 99 90 84 - 110 117 110111111108104 100 98 95 119 125 119119119116116 107 98 95 99 107 10010310297 90 88 85 79 111 113 10610410411399 95 86 79 107 114 10311010810799 89 81 81 296 108 116 104110113105100 96 94 91 : -15 114 115 101103104107110 109 104 85 -174 127 128 99 115117123123 121 117 107 120 120 101105107113116 113 106 96 : 226 116 117 102102105106107 108 110 111 232 107 116 11210910810495 101 98 94 233 114 116 107105104110112 105 102 96 234 115 117 106106108110109 106 108 103 235 116 119 112109111109112 109 107 103 235 119 121 115110109116114 111 107 104 254 107 108 93 99 97 10199 100 101 100 255 107 110 102104100101103 98 99 100 266 113 115 108107101108110 104 103 101 : -62 106 114 112106104105100 96 95 90 -21 111 117 114107104109106 104 102 92 -7 106 110 95 106104102101 98 94 86 -20-1 105 110 103102103101101 97 95 86 109 130 130107104102102 101 97 95 155- 104 110 10410510410299 92 89 92 170- 109 114 104109107107104 97 96 89 -1 108 114 104110106104103 99 97 91 109 110 99 10099 102104 104 98 93 107 112 106105103103102 100 96 93 111 115 108106107109106 101 101 93 110 119 108117112108103 97 92 86 136--1 113 119 115112111110101 108 103 97 : -467 115 126 124118113113110 102 99 96 -476 132 134 121125125126126 127 124 112 6668/8 129 133 126124126128125 121 113 109 6691 129 138 135131129124122 122 117 111 /615 122 128 122122121120115 113 112 110 : 120 123 110114116117115 111 109 105 422 124 126 101110118123119 117 112 102 -9 126 128 106114120121123 119 114 108 -410: 118 121 10711111511411<...>109 105 97 122 125 107115120119118 113 110 94 -4106 : 115 119 108113112112110 109 102 94 124 125 93 10298 104109 115 119 122 -120 119 120 98 108109111114 113 113 101 : 109 117 110113108107102 102 98 96 122 125 112117120118117 116 110 101 114 118 110112111111109 104 107 100 - 120 123 112115116114117 111 108 104 -426 122 125 114116119117114 113 116 114 -134 -124 127 109119122121120 117 110 106 -131 109 115 107111108104101 104 98 94 50 98 101 88 91 93 96 90 93 86 77 -1 - 105 110 98 10310310697 93 90 84 -9 -28 - 109 111 10599 101100105 105 97 84 634 102 104 95 92 94 97 99 95 85 70 - 337/4 -5 114 122 115119115113109 103 97 83 : 110 118 114112109108103 102 101 94 -687 109 110 99 99 98 101100 102 103 102 101 104 93 95 96 97 96 92 93 90 -1750 115 116 100104105108109 108 107 107 -"- -2100 114 116 106107107108109 108 106 103 : - 109 113 105104104108105 101 95 89 2700 x 1450 121 122 105108113115116 115 111 103 -436 -400 117 118 107104106107109 111 110 110 100 104 98 95 95 94 96 93 90 90 111 112 10397 98 100103 106 104 104 95 98 88 91 88 87 91 87 87 85 8 - 10 / - 99 103 96 95 94 94 93 92 92 91 12 / : -147 -147 126 126 105111115113120 120 120 115 -447 98 103 94 98 96 93 92 89 90 85 : 8664-6<...> 103 105 96 99 96 95 92 93 99 94 -115 102 104 92 96 94 94 95 94 95 95 : -630 102 104 92 96 94 94 95 94 95 95 -143 -1085 -200 -907 -20/8 100 103 97 93 91 94 98 89 87 85 106 109 97 101101103102 95 96 93 : 7 1 / 112 123 121117110107102 100 105 106 11 5 / 112 115 104107109108104 103 105 102 22 5 / 125 126 112112113110108 110 123 119 106 110 103102101101103 97 92 87 -21 5 104 107 10197 96 99 99 95 98 88 : : -1219 115 116 102103105108110 109 107 102 -163 114 117 105109110111109 107 103 95 -1422 115 117 101107108111111 109 103 107 -1918 115 115 98 104105107109 110 104 100 -3 118 121 108111113116114 112 103 97 : -121 114 115 99 102106109109 107 106 101 -411 114 115 102105105109109 107 104 99 -1822 109 112 98 104106105105 102 99 94 -715 118 119 99 107109114114 111 107 103 -111 116 118 98 109107116107 107 104 106 -1914 108 112 5 97 110103102 100 97 95 -4115 120 120 101107110114115 114 109 101 : -1 117 118 102106108110112 112 109 104 -2 121 121 101107110107116 116 111 106 -4 118 118 98 100106111113 112 108 102 117 120 103109112116112 109 105 98 -233 114 115 95 100104108110 108 105 101 -2528 : "" 107 110 97 97 103105102 99 93 89 "" 107 110 97 98 106103102 98 97 90 "" 5-6/550 108 111 96 102103106104 99 87 86 "" 4/550 106 109 95 100102103104 96 90 85 "" 8 9-15/250 105 108 95 97 102103101 95 86 77 "" 111 113 97 102103110107 102 93 89 5-6/550 111 112 94 98 99 105110 97 91 85 6-7/350 103 106 96 96 99 101100 93 84 75 109 112 106102104105103 104 93 87 88 95 90 88 87 87 81 79 75 66 4/250 - 107 110 99 100103102100 100 101 97 <...>-6118 113 114 99 102105103102 102 109 106 - 105 109 103100103101100 98 87 95 110 111 10199 103105104 103 101 97 -32 115 116 95 105105105113 109 101 92 -1 -182 117 120 108111113112114 109 102 94 : 108 116 111110107108101 99 91 80 103 113 11010510510197 95 90 85 2130 101 103 93 94 97 96 93 95 92 89 106 107 94 97 97 98 100 101 96 90 103 105 95 95 97 98 99 95 93 91 20/25-2 98 102 94 95 94 93 93 93 88 83 103 107 10299 97 101100 95 86 78 24/200-600 100 102 87 88 91 98 98 91 81 70 99 102 87 90 95 97 96 86 77 66 : -50-2 119 119 10399 101105110 111 113 114 -6-11 111 114 11110299 106105 104 102 100 -12-90-/31 110 115 108107111102102 101 103 102 : -1450-61-1 111 113 10510698 99 107 105 104 98 -500-61-1 118 118 10510498 106114 113 110 96 4-26000 115 116 102103104109112 108 98 95 -300 -55 106 109 98 98 101104102 97 89 82 -80-1 4 106 108 97 10110198 103 98 94 91 N = 100 -350-62-1 126 127 104117109118113 120 123 109 N = 2500 -50/8 N = 75 101 106 93 10299 98 96 92 86 86 98 106 10498 96 95 94 89 86 83 -6 105 108 10095 99 100101 100 92 87 -3600 104 108 97 98 102102100 96 91 87 109 112 106104101102105 103 100 97 -12 : 110 112 10510795 96 104 105 101 101 109 111 99 103105104103 102 99 95 -700-2 -4 103 107 10098 10010199 93 92 85 N = 75 : 8-12 N = 40 108 113 107107100103104 100 100 91 6-12 N = 13 106 113 11198 98 102104 93 93 90 4-6 N = 55 111 112 10197 103105108 104 99 91 3-6 N = 20 109 111 94 102103106105 102 95 92 2-6 N = 4 101 105 97 98 99 97 96 96 92 83 4-12-1 105 107 98 87 100101101 97 91 85 N = 30 -3/25 104 106 93 97 97 102101 93 88 83 : 8-60 103 106 91 95 10199 100 95 83 82 N = 200 5-60 N = 40 120 124 104112121116115 113 98 95 3 200x2 102 105 92 94 98 99 98 96 90 85 N = 200 6-7x4 105 110 104103103102100 98 89 85 N = 117 -150 N = 40 103 105 93 93 96 99 99 96 92 87 -7 5 N = 2 2 108 109 97 94 93 94 108 93 86 83 <...>-50 98 103 97 98 95 97 93 89 79 71 N = 22 111 114 101106104110105 103 91 85 - 112 112 78 81 85 89 104 106 107 104 121 123 105113114117115 116 111 104 -35 - : -44 114 115 90 106105105107 111 99 95 113 114 88 97 103111108 103 104 102 26-2 117 119 98 104111115113 107 99 95 : 1325 120 122 113112113110113 114 113 114 1336 115 115 95 100100103106 112 105 103 1636 112 114 89 98 104109108 105 101 95 -200 92 93 71 75 80 86 89 86 79 68 -300 96 96 83 77 84 87 89 91 87 87 62725 122 123 95 103104121119 104 101 94 1613 103 103 80 85 92 97 96 96 97 92 162 102 104 94 94 96 97 99 95 87 80 16518 108 109 95 98 99 101102 100 98 102 163 104 105 88 91 94 100101 98 89 85 26725 122 123 95 103104121119 104 101 94 : 62 98 99 81 85 86 92 94 91 87 90 105 105 91 90 94 93 103 97 91 83 -09 105 105 75 81 90 95 98 101 98 97 : 2118 117 117 97 104106107107 105 114 107 2 592 108 109 87 86 94 10398 89 103 104 2 55 101 103 91 95 94 97 97 94 93 84 : 5682 105 106 91 90 94 95 95 95 100 102 372 99 102 91 92 94 97 94 91 88 87 364 105 108 93 10199 101100 94 95 101 24 110 113 95 102108105105 103 101 95 8 65 103 105 88 95 99 99 99 95 91 85 114 114 93 93 96 103111 104 105 108 : 2 115 123 116121113109109 107 103 104 6 119 126 117122121115111 110 110 105 12 125 130 123124121121121 115 115 106 113 118 108107113112103 105 103 101 -135/800 : 139 141 120134135134135 131 128 123 127 130 120119123123123 120 115 108 : -5000 97 101 97 91 90 93 92 90 87 80 -4-64 111 111 92 87 86 91 96 102 105 108 L---------------------+-------+-------+---+---+---+---+-------+----+----+----- 2.5. . 2.2. 2.2 ------------------T--------------T------------------------------------------- - +------T-------+---T---T---T---T------T---T---T---T---T----+ - 2 4 8 16 32 63 1252505001000 - - +-----------------+------+-------+---+---+---+---+------+---+---+---+---+----+ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 +-----------------+------+-------+---+---+---+---+------+---+---+---+---+----+ 107 - 82 93 95 10597 96 - - - - 10 106 - 10197 10595 94 96 - - - - 105 - 82 91 89 10396 94 - - - - 105 - 81 10110492 89 83 - - - - "" - 105 - 10910510488 90 87 - - - - : -6 115 - 86 91 97 100113 103- - - - 59 -12 104 - 81 85 87 97 102 94 - - - - 10 -25 117 - 92 97 103115107 96 - - - - 25 -25 116 - 83 87 90 11495 85 - - - - 40 -50 120 - 84 91 97 11899 91 - - - - 60 -100 120 - 90 94 108111118 103- - - - 100 -200 119 - 84 96 118108103 100- - - - 200 104 - 81 84 87 100102 90 - - - - 5 106 - - 11696 97 8<...>75 - - - - - 129 - - 131125128 122120110108105 - 133 - - 130135125 115110106120110 115 - 90 92 12311395 90 - - - - "" 105 - 81 84 89 10394 83 - - - - 106 - 83 94 10589 87 84 - - - - 102 - 81 83 90 10089 81 - - - - -15 102 - 82 10110192 90 88 - - - - 1150: 103 - 10510010292 88 83 - - - - - 100 - 83 89 91 97 98 91 - - - - 2500 1000: - 103 - 80 81 88 10189 83 - - - - 1150 1100 1180 : 106 - 81 85 89 10490 89 - - - - 1150 106 - 83 87 90 98 104 93 - - - - 1100 1300: 104 - 80 83 91 10293 87 - - - - 900/700/500: 108 - 85 89 93 10696 90 - - - - 730/500: 109 - 81 85 89 99 105 107- - - - 730 109 - 80 83 91 95 107 103- - - - 530 630/450: 107 - 82 87 92 10590 83 - - - - 630 102 - 115116108105103 100- - - - 107 - 11111311595 88 89 - - - - - 128 - - 99 92 116 12411210710096 -- 130 - - 118125128 12610710510192 - 129 - - 117121124 12511510991 88 - 240: 105 - 84 86 89 90 103 93 - - - - 250: 105 - 81 86 91 95 103 95 - - - - 104 - 82 84 90 10293 89 - - - 600 280: 104 - 83 85 88 93 102 94 - - - - 300: 104 - 80 84 90 10293 89 - - - - 105 - 83 87 92 94 103 92 - - - - 600 350: 104 - 81 84 87 89 102 90 - - - - 102 - 80 85 89 10092 84 - - - - 1600 500: 104 - 80 84 87 93 102 91 - - - - 102 - 87 94 10192 86 82 - - - - 800 780: 104 - 83 89 92 10297 90 - - - - 800: 104 - 80 81 84 10294 87 - - - - - 115 - 86 90 98 103113 107- - - - 104 - 80 81 84 87 99 102- - - - -250 104 - 80 83 86 90 102 94 - - - - -450-11 : 100 - 83 86 87 90 98 94 - - - - 100 - 82 84 89 98 93 90 - - - - - 138 - - 132126119 12111512012592 - 125 - - 102106119 10711811210390 - - 128 - - 108120116 10911311810598 - - 125 - - 103112120 11310911811294 110 - 81 84 86 97 103 108- - - - 110 - 80 82 89 93 108 100- - - - 109 - 82 84 87 107101 92 - - - - 125 - 90 98 117113123 97 - - - - 112 - 81 85 88 90 102 110- - - - 110 - 80 80 83 90 94 108- - - - 108 - 80 83 90 99 102 106- - - - 50 - 145 - - 147125115 11210096 90 86 -1 - 135 - - 129125134 12211010310095 -9 -28 - 130 - - 103107112 120123109107105 -- 3374 - 140 - - 140132123 11811913093 90 -5 - 108 - 84 90 10110691 87 - - - - 108 - 91 88 92 106103 97 - - - - -400 105 - 80 87 93 10395 89 - - - - 102 - 82 84 85 91 100 93 - - - - - 100 - 11010510695 106 95 - - - - -110 - 83 87 91 98 100 108- - - - -182 103 - 84 86 89 93 101 90 - - - - 128 - 80 84 93 101117 126- - - - 128 - 92 103116126114 90 - - - - 120 - 83 87 98 106115 118- - - - -3600 120 - 81 87 93 99 112 118- - - - -12 119 - 91 10011810899 94 - - - - - 109 - 81 85 89 100107 96 - - - - L-----------------+------+-------+---+---+---+---+------+---+---+---+---+----- 2.6. - [2 3 14 30] 1. 3. 3.1. . . 2.4 2.5. 3.2. . 3.1 3.3. 3.1 -----T-----------------------------------------------------T-------------- N / +----+-----------------------------------------------------+--------------+ 1 2 3 +----+-----------------------------------------------------+--------------+ 1. 1.1 2 - 18 1.2 1.3 -"- 1.4 -"- 1.5 8 1.6 -"- 1.7 1.8 -"- 1.9 10 2. 2.1 -"- 2.2 25 2.3 20 2.4 15 . 2.5 - 10 2.6 10 2.7 5 . - 2.8 10 2.9 5 - 8 . 2.10 - 10 2.11 5 3. - 3.1 -"- 3.2 - 3.3 20 3.4 -"- 3.5 3.6 10 3.7 5 L----+-----------------------------------------------------+--------------- 3.3. - . 3.2 3.4. 3.2 ------------------------------------T------------------------------------- . 3.1 <*> +-----------------------------------+-------------------------------------+ 1 2 +-----------------------------------+-------------------------------------+ 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.4 3.6 2.9 3.2 3.7 - 3.3 3.4 3.5 2.2 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 2.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 <**> 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 3.2 3.4 3.5 -"- 1.1 1.7 3.4 <**> 2.4 2.2 2.6 3.2 3.3 2.2 2.9 2.10 3.2 3.3 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.3 2.4 3.3 3.4 1.1 1.7 <**> - 2.4 2.9 3.2 3.3 1.7 2.7 3.3 3.4 3.7 2.1 2.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 - 3.3 2.3 2.4 3.3 3.3 2.2 3.3 3.5 <**> 2.4 2.9 3.3 1.1 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.4 2.5 2.6 3.2 3.4 -"- 3.4 3.5 2.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 1.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 <**> 3.3 2.4 3.4 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.7 2.2 2.9 3.3 3.4 1.7 1.9 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 2.2 2.4 2.10 3.3 2.1 2.6 2.9 2.10 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 2.1 2.4 2.8 2.9 2.11 3.3 - 3.2 3.3 2.4 2.9 3.5 <**> 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.6 <**> 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.6 <**> 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.6 <**> 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.9 3.2 3.7 2.2 2.4 2.9 3.2 3.4 <**> - 1.1 1.7 3.4 <**> 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.5 <**> L-----------------------------------+-------------------------------------- -------------------------------- <*> . <**> . 3.3 -----T-----------------------------------------------------T-------------- N / +----+-----------------------------------------------------+--------------+ 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 5 - 10 1.6 5 - 10 1.7 5 - 10 1.8 10 1.9 8 - 10 1.10 5 1.11 5 2. 2.1 10 2.2 2.3 -"- 2.4 10 2.5 5 - 10 2.6 5 - 10 2.7 5 L----+-----------------------------------------------------+--------------- 3.4 ----------------------------------T--------------------------------------- . 3.3 +---------------------------------+---------------------------------------+ 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.10 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.7 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 - 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 - 2.1 2.2 2.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.10 2.1 2.2 1.3 2.4 2.7 1.10 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.7 <*> 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.10 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.10 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.7 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.7 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.10 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.10 1.11 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.10 1.11 <*> 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.10 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5. 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.7 L---------------------------------+---------------------------------------- -------------------------------- <*> . 3.4. 3 [22] 1 [12 13 15] 1 . 3.5. 4 5. 4. - 4.1. - - " ". - . 2.6. 4.2. . . 4000 . 500 1000 2000 . . 4.3. " " N 10-8/13 10.03.77 12.4.062-78 ". ". 4.4. . - . 4.5. : - ; - ; - -; - ; - - . . 4.1. 4.1 -------------T-------------------------------T---------------T------------ +------------+-------------------------------+---------------+------------+ 500 - 4000 . - 6 -"- 500 1000 2000 10 4000 40 . 5 - 6 500 1000 - 2000 11 20 4000 60 +/- 20 . 4 +/- 1 1 500 1000 - 2000 21 30 4000 65 +/- 20 . 2 +/- 1 - 2 - 500 1000 2000 31 45 4000 70 +/- 20 . 1 +/- 0 5 L------------+-------------------------------+---------------+------------- 4.6. . 4.7. . - - - . . 4.8. 4.2 - 4.3. 4.2 -------------T------------------------------------T----------------------- +------------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+ : . - . I - - . . - II - . - -"- - -"- - III - L------------+------------------------------------+------------------------ 4.3 -------------T------------------------------------T----------------------- +------------+------------------------------------+-----------------------+ : . - - I . - . . . II -"- III L------------+------------------------------------+------------------------ 4.9. . "" . . . - "" . 4.10. -. 1 - 2 . . - - . . . - . . / . 4.11. - 20 - 30% 10 - 15- . . . 1 - 2 . 1 1. 12.1.001-75 ". . " 2. 12.1.003-83 ". . " 3. 12.1.012-78 ". . " 4. 23941-79 541-77 ". . . " 5. 12.1.023-80 ". . " 6. 12.1.024-81 ". . . " 7. 12.1.025-81 ". . . " 8. 12.1.026-80 ". . . " 9. 12.1.027-80 ". . . " 10. 12.1.028-80 ". . . " 11. 12.1.029-80 1928-79 ". . " 12. 12.4.002-74 ". . " 13. 12.4.010-75 ". . " 14. 12.4.012-75 ". . " 15. 12.4.024-76 ". . " 16. 12.4.025-76 ". . . " 17. 12.4.046-78 ". . " 18. 12.4.093-80 ". . . " 19. 12.4.094-80 ". . . " 20. 13731-68 " . " 21. 13761-73 " . " 22. 15762-70 " " 23. 15996-70 " . " 24. 16271-70 " . " 25. 16436-70 " . " 26. 16519-78 716-77 " . " 27. 16844-80 " . " 28. 17168-71 " 1/3-" 29. 17187-71 ". " 30. 20445-75 " . " 31. II-12-77 " . " 32. . . 1982 33. II-.7-70 " . " 34. 245-71 " " 35. 1209-74 " " 36. N 2527-82. 1982. 2 1. - .. . . . 1972. 2. . . .. . 1964. 3. .. . . 2-. . 1969 . 180 . 4. .. .. .. .. .. . 1973. 5. .. .. .. . . "" 1976. 6. - . 1979 . 90 . 7. .. . . "" 1971 . 416 . 8. .. . . 1965. 9. .. . 1972. 10. .. . . "" 1973 . 173 . 11. .. . . 1964 . 68 . 12. . . . .. . . 1974 . 134 . 13. .. . . 1964. 14. . . . . 1952 . 160 . 15. .. . 1958. 16. . 1982 . 53 . 17. . 1982 . 29 . 3 ----T----------T-----------------T-------------T------T-------------T----- N - - - / . . +---+----------+-----------------+-------------+------+-------------+-----+ 1 1-01-0035-72 0 23 6-90 - "" - -7Ȧ - - 115 . 2 400-26-126-76 0 18 -1-50 - - -2̦ - . - - . 16 120 3 400-43-74 0 175 -4-00 - - -1 - . 04.11.74 - 115 4 400-26-127-75 - 0 07 -1-00 - -4 . - 110 5 205--10-750 18 2-98 - . - . -00 - . 29 6 1-01-0201-74 0 60 10-00 - "" -2 - - 120 7 400-28-152-76 0 002 -0-60 - - - . - "" 105 8 95-136-73 0 0004 0-32 - - "" 100 9 - 0 37 2-9010-4400 - -1 - "" 120 10 - 15-50 17-5444-76 . - - L---+----------+-----------------+-------------+------+-------------+------ - "" . . . . 20/13 . 4 - 1.1. - : n SUM ' ' i=1 i i = 1 - --------- 100% .4.1 m SUM i=1 i i : ' - i- i i ; ' - i- i i .4.1 L ; m n - . .4.1 ' i i -------------------------T------T------T------T------T------T------T------ L 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 L +------------------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+ ' 0 01 0 04 0 07 0 12 0 18 0 26 0 36 i i L------------------------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------- - > 0. 1.2. 85 . . 1.3. ./ 8 : ' m i i n i i = 1 1 SUM L ----- - 1 1 SUM L' ----- - i=1 i 100 i=1 i 100 - 0 12 + .4.2 : L L' - i i 8 i- L i L' . i . .4.2 t . ; - i i- .4.3 .; ' - i- i i ; - ; - .; m n - . . 1.1. .4.2 t ------------------------T------------------------------------------------- t L +------T------T------T------T-----T-------T-------+ 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 +-----------------------+------+------+------+------+-----+-------+-------+ 5 0 3 2 5 4 5 7 0 9 5 12 5 15 5 10 0 5 3 5 5 7 5 10 13 16 L-----------------------+------+------+------+------+-----+-------+-------- > 0 . 1.4. : i 4 2 = 1 + --------- .4.3 i 0i 100 : - i- 0i .; a - %. 1.5. . 12 4 L = 110 L' = 98 10 1 1 L = 110 L' = 88 . 2 2 20% .. = 3500 . 01 = 3000 . a = 3%. 02 = 1000 . . . .4.1 L = 110 1 = 0 26; L' = 98 ' = 0 1; L = 100 = 0 12; 1 1 1 2 2 L' = 88 ' = 0 03. ' = = 3 x 4 = 12 = 2 2 1 1 2 = ' = 3 x 10 = 30. 2 .4.1: ' ' + ' ' 1 1 2 2 0 1 x 12 + 0 03 x 30 = 1 - ------------- 100% = 1 - --------------------- 100 = 69% + 0 26 x 12 + 0 12 x 30 1 1 2 2 . . .4.2; t = 5 20%. L = 110 = 12 5%; 1 L' = 98 = 6%; 1 L = 100 = 7%; 2 L' = 88 = 1 6%. 2 .4.3 : 1 2 x 3 = 3500 1 + ------- = 3940 ./; 1 100 1 2 x 3 = 3000 1 + ------- = 3380 ./. 2 100 .4.2 : 3940 x 12 3380 x 30 3940 x 12 = 1 1 x 12 5 --------- + 1 1 x 7 --------- - 1 1 x 6 --------- - 100 100 100 3380 x 30 - 1 1 x 1 6 --------- - 1 121000 = 9280 ./. 100 5 1. 1.1. - - - . 1.2. . . 1.3. . 1.4. L . L p p 5 . 1.5. 110 137 . 2. 2.1. : . . 2.2. : 5 L L p1 p2 ; N . N ; . .5.1 N L L L L ; N p1 N p2 p1 p2 . .5.2 N L L p1 p2 L L ; p1 p2 : N = 1 54 1 + ------- .5.1 200 0 : - 0 .; - ; 1 2 L L p1 p2 : L N p1 = 0 01 x L x x + x x ------- .5.2 1 p1 N L N p2 = 0 01 x L x x + x x ------- .5.3 2 p2 N : - ; - . ; = 1500 .; . L L : p1 p2 = - - x - .5.4 1 2 : - .; - ; - . .5.1 ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 0025 0 0035 0 005 0 007 0 01 0 012 0 015 10 0 005 0 007 0 010 0 017 0 025 0 03 0 045 15 0 015 0 022 0 030 0 037 0 045 0 06 0 080 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 02 0 03 0 04 0 05 0 065 0 08 0 10 10 0 06 0 075 0 09 0 11 0 13 0 15 0 18 15 0 09 0 11 0 13 0 15 0 18 0 21 0 23 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 12 0 15 0 17 0 20 0 23 0 26 0 30 10 0 21 0 23 0 26 0 30 0 34 0 38 0 43 15 0 27 0 30 0 34 0 38 0 43 0 47 0 52 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 34 0 37 0 42 0 47 0 54 0 59 0 66 10 0 49 0 54 0 60 0 66 0 74 0 79 0 87 15 0 58 0 64 0 70 0 77 0 84 0 90 0 97 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- .5.2 L p N ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 39 0 57 0 83 1 0 1 3 1 5 1 8 10 0 42 0 61 0 83 1 1 1 5 1 8 2 3 15 0 54 0 80 1 08 1 3 1 6 2 0 2 5 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 2 2 2 8 3 4 4 1 4 9 5 8 6 9 10 2 8 3 3 3 8 4 5 5 1 5 7 6 6 15 2 8 3 3 3 8 4 2 4 9 5 5 6 0 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 7 9 9 4 10 5 12 0 13 4 14 8 16 6 10 7 5 8 1 8 9 10 0 11 0 12 1 13 3 15 6 7 7 4 8 1 8 9 9 8 10 6 11 5 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 18 4 19 7 21 7 23 7 26 4 28 2 30 7 10 14 8 16 0 17 3 18 7 20 4 21 6 23 2 15 12 5 13 5 14 5 15 7 16 8 17 8 18 9 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- 3. 3.1. 3 . . 5.3 31 5; 63 : . . 3.2. . 2.2 : . 2.2 5 L L ; p1 p2 . 2.2 . .5.3; . 2.2 = 4500 . .5.3 L p N ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 0 75 1 1 1 5 2 0 2 7 3 2 3 9 10 0 78 1 1 1 6 2 4 3 3 3 9 5 5 15 1 3 1 9 2 5 3 1 3 8 4 8 6 2 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 5 0 7 0 8 9 10 8 13 5 16 2 19 5 10 7 0 8 5 10 0 11 9 13 7 15 5 18 1 15 7 0 8 3 9 7 11 0 12 9 14 7 16 0 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 22 7 27 2 30 1 34 2 38 0 41 7 46 2 10 20 6 22 3 24 7 27 7 30 6 33 4 36 7 15 18 3 20 0 22 2 24 3 26 9 28 9 31 4 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- ------------------T------------------------------------------------------- L N p +-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------T-------+ 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 +-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ 5 50 4 53 5 58 1 62 4 67 9 71 5 76 2 10 40 5 43 5 46 9 50 2 54 2 56 7 60 3 15 34 1 36 8 39 4 42 3 45 1 47 4 50 0 L-----------------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------- 4. 4.1. 4 . . 5.3 1 16 : . . 4.2. : 5 L L p1 p2 ; 2.2 N ; . .5.1 N L L L L ; N p1 N p2 p1 p2 .5.1 ; . 1 2 L L : p1 p2 = [0 234 x + 6 1 + 3 1 ] x x L .5.5 1 1 2 N p1 = [0 234 x + 6 1 + 3 1 ] x x L .5.6 2 1 2 N p2 : - ; - .; 1 = 8 .; 1 - .; 2 = 1 .; 2 .5.4 . L L . p1 p2 5. 5.1. L : p L = 10 lg -- . .5.7 p - 5 <...> 1400 0 7 90 -13 ; = 25 x 10 - . 5.2. 4 L . . 5.3 - 5.6. p 5.3. V / 8- 1 8 16 31 5 63 125 250 500 1000 : L i- i : V i L = 20 lg -- .5.8 i V -8 V = 5 x 10 / - ; i- : L = L + L .5.9 pi i zi L - zi i- . 1 . .5.4; L : p i=n 0 1 x Lp1 L = 10 lg SUM 10 .5.10 p i=1 n - . 5.4. a /. 8- i 8 16 31 5 63 125 250 500 1000 L p : L i- i : a i L = 20 lg -- .5.11 i a -4 a = 3 14 x 10 /. - ; L i- pi .5.9 L zi 2 . .5.4. L .5.10. p .5.4 L zi -------T------------------------------------------------------------------ +-----T-----T-----T-----T-----T------T-----T-----T-----T-----T-----+ 1 2 4 8 16 31 5 63 125 250 500 1000 +------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+ 1 - - - -8 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 2 - - - 34 34 28 22 16 10 4 -2 3 -17 -8 1 7 8 8 8 - - - - 4 43 46 49 49 44 38 32 - - - - L------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+-----+------ 5.5. V / 7- i 1 2 4 8 16 31 5 63 L : p L i- i .5.8; L i- pi .5.9 L zi 3 . .5.4; L .5.10. p 5.6. a /. 7- i 1 2 4 8 16 31 5 63 L : p L i- i .5.11; L i- pi .5.9 L zi 4 . .5.4; L .5.10. p 5.7. U U U i1 i2 i3 1/3- i- . . 5.3 - 5.6 i- : 2 2 2 2 U = U + U + U . .5.12 i i1 i2 i3 5.8. t L p : 480 L = 10 lg --- . .5.13 i t 5.9. . . 5.2 - 5.8 . 6. 6.1. = 10 . 320 . = 3000 . 0 = 4 5%. = 25 . = 150 . = 0 15. N = 10 . . .5.5. .5.5 ----------------------------------T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T---- 8 16 31 5 63 125 250 500 1000 +---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+ L 125 123 127 121 118 114 110 107 i +---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+ L 118 117 118 112 109 104 102 99 i L---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----- . L i .5.9 . . .5.6 1 . .5.4. .5.10 L . p .5.6 ----------------------------------T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T---- 8 16 31 5 63 125 250 500 1000 +---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+ 117 121 125 119 116 112 108 105 L i +---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+ 110 115 116 110 107 102 100 97 L i L---------------------------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----- : 0 1 x 117 0 1 x 121 0 1 x 125 0 1 x 119 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 116 0 1 x 112 0 1 x 108 0 1 x 105 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 128 04 : 0 1 x 110 0 1 x 115 0 1 x 116 0 1 x 110 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 107 0 1 x 102 0 1 x 100 0 1 x 97 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 119 98. 320 . 480 . 5.8 10 lg --- = 1 76 . L = 126 28 ~ 126 320 p1 L = 118 22 ~ 118 . p2 . .5.1 N = 10 L = 126 L = pi N p1 = 126 = 0 26 N = 10 L = 118 L = 118 = 10 p2 N p2 10 = 0 075. . .5.2 N = 10 L = 126 L = p1 p1 = 126 = 8 9% N = 10 L = 118 L = 118 = 3 3%. p2 p2 .5.1 : 4 5 x 10 = 1 54 x 1 + -------- 3000 = 5659 5 . 200 .5.2 .5.3 L = 126 L = p1 p2 = 118 . 0 26 = 0 01 x 8 9 x 5659 5 x 10 + 1500 x 10 x ---- = 5426 95 . 1 10 0 075 = 0 01 x 3 3 x 5659 5 x 10 + 1500 x 10 x ----- = 1980 13 . 2 10 .5.4 : = 5426 95 - 1980 13 - 25 x 5 x 0 15 - 150 x 5 = 2678 1 . 6.2. . 10. 2 . . 1/2 . = 0 2400 . = 5%. = 100 . = 0; = 0 15. N = 5 . . .5.7. .5.7 ---------------T-----------T--------T-----------T-----------T-----------T--------T----------- - 1 2 4 8 16 31 5 63 +--------------+-----------+--------+-----------+-----------+-----------+--------+-----------+ -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -3 -2 1 58 x 10 5 x 10 6 29 x 10 8 89 x 10 9 98 x 10 5 x 10 1 26 x 10 V i / +--------------+-----------+--------+-----------+-----------+-----------+--------+-----------+ 0 0 0 0 -10 12 24 L--------------+-----------+--------+-----------+-----------+-----------+--------+------------ : .5.8 . . .5.8. L i . 3 . .5.4 .5.9 . .5.8 ---------------------------------------------T---T---T---T---T---T----T--- 1 2 4 8 16 31 563 +--------------------------------------------+---+---+---+---+---+----+---+ 70 80 82 85 86 100 108 L i +--------------------------------------------+---+---+---+---+---+----+---+ 70 80 82 85 96 88 84 L i +--------------------------------------------+---+---+---+---+---+----+---+ 53 72 83 92 94 108 116 L pi +--------------------------------------------+---+---+---+---+---+----+---+ 53 72 83 92 10496 92 L pi L--------------------------------------------+---+---+---+---+---+----+---- : 0 1 x 53 0 1 x 72 0 1 x 83 0 1 x 92 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 94 0 1 x 108 0 1 x 116 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 116 7 ; 0 1 x 53 0 1 x 72 0 1 x 83 0 1 x 92 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 104 0 1 x 96 0 1 x 92 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 105 2. 1/2 . 5.8 480 10 lg --- = 3 . L = 113 7 ~ 114 L = 102 2 ~ 240 p1 p2 ~ 102 . 63 3 . . .5.1 N = 5 L = 114 L = p1 N p1 = 114 = 0 01 N = 5 L = 102 L = 102 = 0. 5 p2 N p2 5 . .5.3 N = 5 L = 114 L = p1 p1 = 114 = 2 7%. N = 5 L = 102 L = 102 = p2 p2 = 0. .5.1 : 5 x 5 = 1 54 x 1 + ----- x 2400 = 4158 . 200 .5.2 .5.3 L = 114 L = p1 p2 102 = 40. 0 01 = 0 01 x 2 7 x 4158 x 40 + 4500 x 40 x ---- = 4850 64 . 1 50 0 = 0 01 x 0 x 4158 x 40 + 4500 x 40 x - = 0 . 2 5 .5.4 : = 4850 64 - 0 - 100 x 10 x 0 15 - 0 = 4700 64 . 6.3. . 1/2 . = 3360 . 0 = 6%. = 100 . = 0; = 0 15. N = 15 . a i . .5.9. .5.9 ---------------------------------T-----T-----T-----T----T-----T-----T----- 1 2 4 8 16 31 6 63 +--------------------------------+-----+-----+-----+----+-----+-----+-----+ 0 1770 1410 3971 000 6330 4960 702 a /. i +--------------------------------+-----+-----+-----+----+-----+-----+-----+ 0 0 -4 10 16 22 28 L--------------------------------+-----+-----+-----+----+-----+-----+------ . .5.10 L i . .5.10 . .5.10 ----------------------------------------T----T----T---T----T----T----T---- 1 2 4 8 16 31 5 63 +---------------------------------------+----+----+---+----+----+----+----+ 55 53 62 70 66 64 67 L i +---------------------------------------+----+----+---+----+----+----+----+ 55 53 66 60 50 42 39 L i +---------------------------------------+----+----+---+----+----+----+----+ 98 99 111119 110 102 99 L i +---------------------------------------+----+----+---+----+----+----+----+ 98 99 115109 94 80 71 L i L---------------------------------------+----+----+---+----+----+----+----- L . i 4 . .5.4 .5.9 . : 0 1 x 98 0 1 x 99 0 1 x 111 0 1 x 119 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 110 0 1 x 102 0 1 x 99 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 120 2 0 1 x 98 0 1 x 99 0 1 x 115 0 1 x 109 L = 10 lg 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 + p 0 1 x 94 0 1 x 80 0 1 x 71 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 116 2 . 1/2 . 5.8 3 . L = 117 L = 113 . pi p2 L pi 8 4 . . .5.1 N = 15 L = 117 P L = p1 N p1 = P 117 = 0 09 N = 15 L = 113 P 113 = 0 037. 15 p2 15 .5.1 : 6 x 15 = 1 54 x 1 + ------ x 3360 = 5174 4 . 200 .5.5 .5.6 : = 0 234 x 5174 4 + 6 1 x 8 + 3 1 x 1 x 3 x 0 09 = 340 93 1 = 0 234 x 5174 4 + 6 1 x 8 + 3 1 x 1 x 3 x 0 037 = 140 16. 2 .5.4 : = 340 93 - 140 16 - 100 x 0 15 - 0 = 185 77 .